Important terms to be familiar with:
Adult Use: Refers to the states that allow recreational use.
Anandamide: Chocolate contains small quantities of anandamide, an endogenous cannabinoid found in the brain. Anandamide is a neurotransmitter that targets the same brain structures as THC, the active ingredient in cannabis.
Buccal (referring to the way cannabis enters your bloodstream): Means between the cheek and gums.
Cannabidiol (CBD): Non-psychoactive molecule of the cannabis plant with therapeutic value. Helps with pain relief, inflammation, arthritis, diabetes, alcoholism, MS, chronic pain, schizophrenia, PTSD, depression, antibiotic-resistant infections, epilepsy, and other neurological disorders.
Cannabinoids: The chemical compounds secreted by cannabis flowers that provide relief to an array of symptoms including pain, nausea, anxiety, and inflammation. In other words, the molecules listed above.
Cannabis: We call it cannabis, not weed, not pot–CANNABIS.
Decarboxylation: Raw cannabis has different therapeutic benefits than heated cannabis. Decarboxylation is the process of heating cannabis to turn THCA to Delta-9-THC. Raw cannabis is therapeutic, but not psychoactive. Cannabis loses its “indica” or “sativa” – like effects once the terpenes are gone and have been removed by decarboxylation.
Endocannabinoid System (ECS): A vital molecular system for helping maintain homeostasis with its complex actions in our immune system, nervous system, and all of the body’s organs, literally a bridge between body and mind.
Entourage Effect: When CBD and THC are combined, they are much more beneficial. “The sum of all the parts that leads to the magic or power of cannabis”. When they are paired, their medicinal benefits are amplified.
Epicatechin (Flavonoid): Flavonoids are naturally-occurring compounds found in plant-based foods that have been shown to have a number of health-benefiting properties including anti-inflammatory, anti-allergic, and anti-cancer activity. Cocoa, especially dark chocolate, has high amounts of the flavonoid Epicatechin and has been found to have nearly twice the antioxidants of red wine and up to three times those found in green tea. Epicatechin may improve blood flow and may have potential applications for cardiac health.
11-Hydroxy THC: Delta-9-THC turns into 11-Hydroxy-THC in the liver when cannabis is orally consumed. For this reason, edible doses processed by the liver last longer and create stronger, more pronounced effects. Smoked cannabis, which goes directly from the lungs to the bloodstream and does not enter the liver, produces lower levels of psychoactivity for shorter durations.
Indica: A species of cannabis that tends to produce more relaxing physical effects and can have a sedative quality.
Lipophilic: Cannabinoids like THC and CBD are lipophilic, meaning they bind to fat. Milks and coconut oil bind well to THC and increase THC absorption.
Medicated or Activated: Use this in place of “high” or “stoned”.
Oral Mucosal (referring to the way cannabis enters your bloodstream): Absorption through the lining of the mouth.
Phenylethylamine: Phenylethylamine has earned the nickname ‘chocolate amphetamine.’ High levels of this neurotransmitter help promote feelings of attraction, excitement, giddiness and apprehension. Phenylethylamine works by stimulating the brain’s pleasure centers.
Sativa: A species of cannabis that tends to produce more cerebral effects as opposed to physical and sedative ones.
Sublingual: (referring to the way cannabis enters your bloodstream): Means under the tongue.
Terpene Profile: The combination of different terpenes in a strain that give an effect.
Terpenes: Aromatic molecules responsible for the scent, flavor, and the “indica” or “sativa” effects of cannabis. Terpenes are destroyed/lost/evaporated through decarboxylation/application of heat.
Tetrahydro-beta-carbolines: Cacao and chocolate bars contain a group of neuroactive alkaloids known as tetrahydro-beta-carbolines. Tetrahydro-beta-carbolines are also found in beer, wine and liquor; they have been linked to alcoholism. But the possible role of these chemicals in chocolate addiction remains unclear.
Tetrahydrocannabinolic Acid (THCA):Therapeutic molecule found in raw cannabis. A precursor of THC, the active component of cannabis. THCA turns into THC after it is heated/decarboxylated/smoked /baked.
Tetrahydrocannabinol/Delta 9 (THC): Therapeutic molecule responsible for the psychoactive effects associated with cannabis. The most well-known and most abundantly available cannabinoid in cannabis plants.
Theobromine: Theobromine is a stimulant frequently confused with caffeine. Theobromine affects humans similarly to caffeine, but on a much smaller scale. Theobromine is mildly diuretic (increases urine production), is a mild stimulant, and relaxes the smooth muscles of the bronchi in the lungs. Theobromine has very different effects on the human body from caffeine; it is a mild, lasting stimulant with a mood improving effect, whereas caffeine has a strong, immediate effect and increases stress.